|Screenshot from A Trip To The Moon|
Georges Méliès' A Trip To The Moon is renowned for being the very first science fiction movie and to create the illusion it uses a whole variety of techniques to mash together animation and real life. The sets are also ground breaking in achieving this with two dimensional cardboard cut-outs being used throughout to create a third dimensional feel that the actors could react with.
For a film that appeared at the beginning of the last Century the thoughts behind the story are remarkable. It took 67 years for Neil Armstrong to set foot on the moon, but here in 1902, Méliès brought his vision of astronauts being fired in a rocket-style space craft to life. Granted, the return to Earth wasn't so well thought out, but it does provide some modern humour.
Frankly, this film is probably the most important 12 minutes in the history of cinema. Look it up on YouTube now.